Types of Fabric Printing Methods

Natural, fibre, synthetic etc. fabrics have many different features. It is possible to print on any fabric. The dye properties also change according to the fabric types and properties. For this reason, in order to obtain the desired color yield, the properties of the fabric to be printed  on should be well known. If printing shall be done using pigment, acid, reactive and disperse dyes, the fabrics to be printed on need some pre-treatment.

Rotation & Screen Print

It is a technique that is widely used in the textile industry, graphic arts and printmaking. In this technique; the areas to be printed on the sieve-shaped mold made of silk, plastic or metal fabric stretched on a metal or wooden frame are left open and other areas are covered by masking, painting or photomechanical methods. Then, the printing ink put into this sieve is scraped with a scraper (squeegee) to remove paper, glass, fabric, etc. from the open places passed on the materials.

Fabric Printing Techniques in Textile Industry | Advantages - Disadvantages

Advantages & Disadvantages of Screen Printing

It can be preferred for bulk operations as it is extremely costly. You get better quality output from digital prints. It is more durable for prints needed in the long run. Can be used on a variety of different media including glass, wood, textiles, signage, banners, electronics and much more. Easy to print on specific areas of the media.

One of the main disadvantages of is that it has a much higher initial setup cost and takes more time than digital printing. A more limited color range is available. Screen printing is best suited for bulk orders that do not require much customization or extensive use of different colors.

Digital Printing

It is a more modern technique that involves creating a digital print image on computers, which is then printed directly onto the material. In digital printing, ink is applied directly to the material using a laser jet or inkjet printer. While screen printing offers a higher quality print output, digital printing is becoming extremely popular as it has become much more cost effective as it requires far less pre-press artwork.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Digital Printing

Fabric Printing Techniques in Textile Industry | Advantages - Disadvantages

For customers looking for one-off printing and small print runs, we recommend digital technique which is suitable for a variety of media. It has low cost installation and rotation speed. It's easy to print in a range of different colors. Prints can be customized in a variety of ways. Designs sit flat on the substrate and do not protrude from the surface.

The range of printable fabrics is more limited than screen printing. The print is not that durable. The white color usually cannot be reproduced in print. As it turns out, digital printing is really ideal for small print orders where it is important to be able to include a range of different colors and customization effects or photographic images. The other main disadvantage is that it is not as durable as screen printing, but is definitely an ideal solution for unique events and one-off display purposes.

What is Blotch Printing?

It is an engraving method. It is used to obtain various shades of colors. Copper plates coated with acid-resistant powder resin are pressed to acid, as a result, large color stains resembling watercolors are obtained.

Dry powder varnish in different thicknesses is sprinkled on the surface of the metal, and it is melted and adhered by heating from the bottom. When immersed in an acid bath, the places that do not get the fallout are eaten by acid. Dot sprinkled texture is obtained. Stain printing alone is used very little. It is generally applied in conjunction with other techniques.

Therefore, we cannot list its advantages and disadvantages one by one. It varies depending on which technique it is used with.

What is Stamp Printing?

Each of the prints due to the reflected grain in the object are different characters and they are not alike. Stamp Printing is a good way to put your image in a gallery full of different photos. It is also an excellent method of exhibiting an eye-catching picture on your wall or on your wall. A stamp is generated and then used to press the fabric. Similar to making potato stamps to create beautiful pictures as a child. Your design is cut to the stamp, then immersed in the ink and transferred to your fabric from the stamp using equal pressure.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Stamp Printing

Machines are not required for stamp printing. It is a great option for small and simple jobs. It is cost effective. We can list the disadvantages as follows. It is not a very detailed print. It is difficult to make in large quantities. Only one design is available per stamp. Quality is inconsistent in design and printing.

How do Professionals Print on Fabric?

Pigment digital printing is widely used for many fabrics and patterns. Especially recently, fabric brands have been able to produce very different patterns by making use of the digital pigment printing method while creating their patterns.

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